When it comes to Ha Long tourism, if only mentioning sea tourism on the Bay or ecotourism in Hon Gai, or mountainous tourism in Binh Lieu, there must be something lacking. Ha Long is also a famous place for spiritual tourism. In there is a scenic relic located on Yen Tu mountain. A favorite and unique spiritual-cultural tourist destination in Vietnam.
Introduction to Yen Tu mountain tourist area
Yen Tu mountain is in Yen Tu landscape relic complex.
Yen Tu is on Tuong Dau mountain with an altitude of over 1000m above sea level. Most people are familiar with the name Yen Tu pagoda, so they call this mountain Yen Tu mountain. The top of the mountain often clouds, so it is called Bach Van Son. Yen Tu pagoda and mountain are in the Yen Tu landscape relic complex recognized by UNESCO as a world heritage.
Yen Tu mountain tourist area
The Yen Tu landscape relic complex also includes the West Yen Tu area in Bac Giang and the Tran historical relic site in Dong Trieu. Yen Tu is famous not only for its scenic scale but also for its spiritual and historical significance. It became the Buddhist center of the country during the reign of King Tran Nhan Tong.
The historical legend associated with King Tran Nhan Tong
After ceding the throne to his son, he let people build hundreds of large and small works at Yen Tu mountain to practice, preach and propagate religion. The religious legacy that Tran Nhan Tong left behind is also substantial, with the number of 800 temples he built everywhere and 19 years of practice and preaching.
From the bottom of the mountain, to go to the temple, you must go through a 6km road, with luxuriant green trees on both sides. In front of the temple, gate is a bridge connecting the two banks of Giai Oan stream. Legend has it that this is where the king’s concubines and beauties committed suicide when they did not dissuade the king from returning. Since then, King Tran Nhan Tong has called this place Giai Oan stream.
In front of the temple yard, there are 6 towers, with the tomb tower of King Tran Nhan Tong and 2 other magicians. Next are Hoa Yen Pagoda, Van Tieu Pagoda, Dong Pagoda, and countless other temples built and arranged alternately on the top of the mountain. They are forming a large and famous Buddhist relic complex at home and abroad in Vietnam.
In which season should you go to Yen Tu mountain?
Tourists from all over Vietnam have a culture to go to Yen Tu mountain at the beginning of the year. Then gradually fade at the end of the year. Spiritual, and cultural festivals are also held more in spring and less in summer and autumn.
- January 23 of lunar calendar: Death anniversary of the Third Patriarch Huyen Quang
- The 18th day of the second lunar month: The death anniversary of Zen Master Chan Nguyen
- 3rd day of the 3rd lunar month: The death anniversary of the Second Patriarch Phap Loa
- The 15th day of the fourth lunar month: Buddha’s birthday celebration
- The 15th day of the 7th lunar month: Vu Lan festival
- 1st day of the 11th lunar month: National Anniversary of the First Emperor Nhan Tong
Traveling to Yen Tu, you can freely choose to go at any time of the year. You can combine the experience of the festival season or if you want to go to see the time when it is a bit quiet, you should avoid the festival season, or visit Yen Tu mountain at the end of the year.
Some outstanding works on Yen Tu mountain
Praying for justice – cleaning the dust from the ceiling
From the bottom path up to the temple area on the top of Yen Tu mountain. You will see Giai Oan stream and a bridge, at the foot of the bridge, there is a small porch. It has 2 curved roofs and 4 supporting pillars so visitors can stop and enjoy the scenery on both sides of the lake.
Although this place is associated with the story of forgiving the concubines of King Tran Nhan Tong, who committed suicide, we can quickly think of the meaning of washing off the dust before visiting the temples on Yen Tu.
Giai Oan Bridge – Yen Tu mountain
Hoa Yen Temple
Hoa Yen Pagoda is at an altitude of 535m above sea level. It is also the largest temple on Yen Tu mountain, so it is also called Ca pagoda. The Nguyen family built the temple with the architecture of 5 rooms with letters. People compare the terrain in Yen Tu to the shape of a dragon. The dragon’s head is the area of the Hoa Yen pagoda, and the dragon’s eye is the ancestral tower. The two mountain ranges on either side are two symbolic dragon arms embracing the dragon’s body, the path going from the bottom to the top of the mountain.
Behind Hoa Yen Pagoda, there used to be a Buddhist temple of Bodhisattva Quan Them, but now it no longer exists. Near the pagoda is a Hue Quang tower garden with 97 towers. It is where King Tran Nhan Tong used to meditate.
Van Tieu Temple
Going behind is Van Tieu Pagoda. Van Tieu Pagoda has a smaller area but is on a relatively solid flat hill of Yen Tu mountain. From the stairs going up, it is divided into 2 separate paths. In the middle in front of the main door.
Van Tieu Pagoda – Yen Tu mountain
There is a small multi-story tower on the way to the Van Tieu pagoda. The building is called Vong Tien Cung Tower, which means the tower can see through the fairy realm. The exterior design of the Van Tieu pagoda is quite beautiful, with a red brick color and balance. In front of the pagoda, there is Vong Tien Cung Tower, perhaps referring to the place for King Tran Nhan Tong to observe the fairy realm.
As the highest position on the top of Yen Tu mountain, it also has the smallest area. The pagoda is rectangular, has a classical design, and has a curved roof. Dong Pagoda has a small altar outside for visitors to burn incense and make offerings there. Many researchers believe that this is the place where the king meditated.
The structure, layout, and design of the temples in Yen Tu Mountain are all extraordinary and have many profound meanings. Yen Tu Mountain tourist relic is indeed a spiritual wonder of humankind. Worthy of the title of cultural relic recognized by UNESCO.
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